First Norway, then Iran, now Indonesia. Even oil-rich nations can’t ignore the future.
The Iranian government had previously turned to natural-gas vehicles. Tehran is highly polluted, and this “oil-rich” nation is actually fuel-poor. It doesn’t have enough refineries to turn crude oil into finished fuels, nor enough hard currency for refinery construction. What oil they have, then, should be saved for export (and gaining hard currencies), meaning Iranian motorists should consume something else. Natural gas uses much less refining, and is hard to export due to handling and packaging issues. Iran then encourages its drivers to fill up on domestic natural gas, saving their oil.
Now add electricity. The government is promoting hybrid cars and electric bikes, even founding a lithium battery factory. The electricity can be generated by natural gas (a more efficient usage anyway) or with the low-grade residues from oil refining- “bunker fuel,” the dregs of the process. Or, by solar, which is not a problem in A DESERT.
Indonesia, too, is seeking modern vehicle tech. Despite being an oil exporter, Indonesia sought natural gas and EV technologies from the US delegation after the recent Beijing summit. Indonesian cities are also choked with scooter and diesel exhausts; the nation also wants to export what oil it has, and not just light it up. In Indonesia’s case, they’ve been developing biodiesel from tropical plants as an oil substitute. It’s clear, though, that biodiesel only goes so far. There’s only so much land that can be sown with palms, and it’s nowhere near enough. Indonesia is approaching a third of a billion people, yet wants to stay an oil exporter.
The future isn’t approaching, it’s here. We can export it. And yet, I’m still hearing haters. Why? Because “you can’t put a gun rack in a Volt,” and other “probably”s… including from people who complain about the dollar.